1. So many of today’s violin concerto recordings sound artificial because of their spotlit miking of the violin, making it sound gargantuan in relation to the orchestra. 1 in A minor for Violin and Orchestra, Opus 77(99) DIMITRI DMITRIEVICH SHOSTAKOVICH. COMPOSED: Shostakovich composed his Violin Concerto No. Its mad, virtuoso fiddle music brings the concerto to an unsettling, but thrilling conclusion. Stream songs including "Violin Concerto No. Shostakovich Violin Concerto No. A number of other official plaudits followed, and in 1947 Stalin ordered that the Shostakovich family be given a nicer apartment and a dacha in the countryside. It was premiered unofficially in Bolshevo, near Moscow, on 13 September 1967, and officially on 26 September by Oistrakh and the Moscow Philharmonic under Kirill Kondrashin in Moscow. Violin Concerto No. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Ibragimova challenges herself even further by playing the opening theme of the finale as a solo, which Oistrakh rejected as too difficult. 129, Museum and Exhibition Complex 'New Jerusalem', Moscow. Dmitri Shostakovich (1906-1975) composed music in a turbulent political climate where Soviet authorities alternately praised and condemned his work. The First Violin Concerto is not only a major individual accomplishment from Shostakovich but it is also a major contributor to the form of the violin concerto in its four-movement form. In the concertos of the previous century, cadenzas were normally placed just before the end or at the climax of the first movement. Yes, I humiliated myself, I read out what was taken to be ‘my own speech.’ I read like the most paltry wretch, a parasite, a cut-out paper doll on a string! 1 Violin Sheet Music. Your email address will not be published. He wrote it in the spring of 1967 as an early 60th birthday present for its dedicatee, David Oistrakh. When Shostakovich began composing his First Violin Concerto in 1947, he was enjoying a period of relative calm. World War II had distracted Stalin’s government from show trials and purges, leaving artists slightly less harassed than usual. Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (25 September 1906 – 9 August 1975) was a Soviet Russian composer and one of the most celebrated composers of the 2. Scherzo: Allegro non Troppo" and more. 2 in C-sharp minor for Violin and Orchestra, Opus 129. Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich was born in St. Petersburg on September 25, 1906, and died in Moscow on August 9, 1975. If the composer's precarious state of mind under Stalinist repression does not come through, the clean, jewel-like craftsmanship of the work does. This was not the first time such things had happened, nor would it be the last. 129, in the unusual key of C sharp minor, is the antithesis of its “friendlier” predecessor in A minor. Shostakovich finished his violin concerto anyway, although it would not be premiered until after Stalin’s death in 1955 (the violinist for the premiere would be the great David Oistrakh, featured below. Ibragimova is likewise solid in the later Violin Concerto No. Violinist Nicola Benedetti has just recorded Shostakovich’s mind-blowing First Violin Concerto (the album is available to buy now on Decca). The Violin Concerto No. 1 in A Minor, Op. Alas, by the time Shostakovich completed the violin concerto in 1948, the situation had changed completely. The Violin Concerto op. 77, "Shakespearean," and imbued the work with a theatrical mixture of brilliance and inwardness. 2 in 1967 for David Oistrakh, to whom the score is dedicated.It was meant to be a gift for the violinist’s sixtieth birthday, September 30, 1968; in … This certainly holds true in the sonorous opening of the First Concerto, where cellos and basses conjure a concentrated, highly-pigmented sound that sets the tone for the rest of the album and later filters up through the violas and violins; it’s ideal for Shostakovich’s searing, claustrophobic emotional landscape here, in which the tension rarely lets up, though the recording engineers allow plenty of breathing … David Oistrakh, Dmitri Shostakovich & Sviatoslav Richter, 1969, The Tully Potter Collection. 1 For Violin And Orchestra ‎ (LP, Album, RE) Мелодия, Мелодия: CM 04291-2, 33CM-04291-2(a) USSR: Unknown: Sell This Version 2 in c sharp minor Op. 2016 Editors’ Notes This young Scottish violinist has precisely the right stylistic range for Shostakovich’s explosive and mercurial first violin concerto. Not long after the appearance of Shostakovich’s musical signature, the music arrives at a boisterous, klezmer-inspired central episode. With little warning, Shostakovich and other leading Soviet composers found that many of their works that were once praised were now banned. Shostakovich titled the last movement “burlesca,” an indication that fits the music’s darkly comic atmosphere. The following variation features chant-like repeated notes reminiscent of the elegy from Tchaikovsky’s Third String Quartet. The rationales given were ludicrous; Shostakovich and other composers were forced to listen to long harangues from cultural apparatchiks laden with virtually meaningless terms like “formalism” and “socialist realism.” Despite having sincerely tried to understand these terms for the past two decades, many composers came to the conclusion that social realist works were simply the ones in favor at the moment and formalist ones were not. Shostakovich corrected his mistake and composed the Sonata for violin and piano “in honour of the 60th birthday of David Fyodorovich Oistrakh” the following year. His inclusion of klezmer-inspired music in this concerto and a number of other works that followed may have been another veiled protest against the regime. Shostakovich from Alina Ibragimova 29th May 2020 The Russian-born violinist brings searing intensity and muscular tone to the two concertos, backed to the hilt by Vladimir Jurowski and the State Academic Symphony Orchestra of Russia 'Evgeny Svetlanov'. That may be, but Skride 's Shostakovich and Janácek violin concertos doesn't entirely … This mournful music fades seamlessly into the cadenza, an extended passage for the soloist unaccompanied by the orchestra. A Guide to Shostakovich’s Violin Concerto No. Advertisement. For his actual sixtieth birthday, Shostakovich composed a violin sonata: his Opus 134. 1 in A Minor, Op. The premiere of the second violin concerto was given in Bolshevo, near Moscow, on 13 September 1967 by Oistrakh with the Moscow Philharmonic under Kirill Kondrashin. Regarding the persecution, Shostakovich remarked “…how ‘this’ had started with the Jews but would end up with the entire intelligentsia.” The revelations of the atrocities of the holocaust further fueled Shostakovich’s interest in Jewish music. 2 that I've encountered. DMITRI DMITRIEVICH SHOSTAKOVICH BORN: September 25, 1906.Saint Petersburg DIED: August 9, 1975.Moscow. D. Shostakovich* - David Oistrakh*, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Conductor Maxim Shostakovich: D. Shostakovich* - David Oistrakh*, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Conductor Maxim Shostakovich - Concerto No. For tickets and more information, visit houstonsymphony.org. So he withheld the work for a number of ye By this point, years of tobacco, alcohol, and state sponsored terror had taken a toll on Shostakovich; he had suffered his first heart attack the year before, the night after his final public performance as a pianist. It was too abstract, and not sufficiently affirmative in style. The inclusion of this motif suggests an autobiographical intent. 99 ‎ (LP, Mono, Promo) Columbia Masterworks: ML 5077: USA & Canada: 1956: Sell This Version Explore the 2020–21 season and purchase your subscription today! In "Nocturne," Benedetti blends her quiet yet powerful sound with the string section of the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, reflecting the music’s halting caution. Shostakovich: Violin concertos 1&2 (Hyperion) 0. 2 in C sharp minor, Op. The work offers an unguarded view into Shostakovich’s private, deeply felt reserves of emotion. ... Shostakovich - Violin Concerto No. This recording of Shostakovich Violin Concertos (the more expensive original release can be found here) is highly recommended for passionate violin playing with thoughtful emotional context and excellent technique by the late, underrated Lydia Mordkovitch, sympathetic and dynamic orchestral accompaniment from Jarvi and the Scots, certainly over Rostropovich and Seiji Ozawa, and terrific, full … a boisterous, klezmer-inspired central episode, the solo violin takes up the bass line itself, the elegy from Tchaikovsky’s Third String Quartet, A Baroque Christmas: Q&A with Guest Vocalist Morris Robinson, Playliszt: 10 Great Pieces by Music’s Original Rock Star, Getting steamrolled by a musical train | Discovering ratchet. The latter is missing from this reading by violinist Alina Ibragimova and conductor Vladimir Jurowski, leading the cumbersomely named State Academic Symphony of Russia "Evgeny Svetlanov," but Shostakovich called the work a "symphony for violin and orchestra," and not only because it has four movements: it is an exquisite, turn-on-a-dime essay in soloist-orchestral balance that features one of the most difficult solo parts in the repertory (remarkable, in view of the fact that Shostakovich did not play the violin). 1 In G Minor. 77: I. Nocturne: Adagio", "Violin Concerto No. Bruch: Violin Concerto No. The cadenza becomes faster and more intense as it progresses, recalling ideas from the previous movements, including the DSCH motif. Because of the delay in its premiere, it is unknown whether or not the concerto was composed before the Tenth Symphony (1953). An increasingly tense series of variations follows, until the solo violin takes up the bass line itself before returning to its original melody. Advertisement. In 1948 David Oistrakh was almost 40 and recognised as the greatest string player in the Soviet Union, although World War II and the Cold War had delayed his international career. Free violin sheet music for amateur musicians and learners! The opening Nocturne is a somber, meditative soliloquy for the soloist, accompanied by dark-hued orchestral timbres: After this introspective night music, the ensuing scherzo is a wild, frenetic dance. After Stalin's death in 1953, times were more auspicious. 2 in C-sharp minor, Opus 129, was Dmitri Shostakovich's last concerto. 129, one of those late Shostakovich works in which he seems to be swinging for the Beethovenian fences in the heavily polyphonic first movement. It would have been laughable if only so much had not been at stake. Shostakovich dedicated the concerto to him). She does not miss the humor, also Beethovenian, at the beginning of the finale. The Scottish violinist has precisely the right stylistic range for Shostakovich’s explosive and mercurial first violin concerto. Dmitri Shostakovich, David Oistrach, The Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra of New York, Dimitri Mitropoulos: Dmitri Shostakovich, David Oistrach, The Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra of New York, Dimitri Mitropoulos - Violin Concerto, Op. Your subscription means more than ever. We asked her to talk us through a work that she says is “totally overwhelming the first time you encounter it” The concerto opens with an unsettling Nocturne The bass line in this case is a heavy, oppressive figure introduced by the cellos and basses, as horns play pulsing figures and arpeggios above it. In 1948, Shostakovich had just completed his First Violin Concerto, but locked it away in a desk drawer; this probing and sometimes sarcastic work might seal his doom with the Soviet authorities. Perhaps in emulation of some baroque concertos, Shostakovich wrote his violin concerto in four movements organized slow-fast-slow-fast instead of following the usual three-movement pattern, fast-slow-fast. Your email address will not be published. The concerto he wrote took the suffering of his absurd and treacherous world and transmuted it into something beautiful and profound. Bruch wrote a couple of gorgeous concertos: it was a toss … 1 in A minor, Op. Dmitry Shostakovich had completed his First Violin Concerto during the 1950’s, and he dedicated it to the great Soviet violinist David Oistrakh. Technically, the first appearance of this figure is D#-E-C#-B, but it later morphs into the more usual form. Violinist David Oistrakh, for whom both these works were composed, called the Violin Concerto No. We cannot know what Shostakovich was thinking when he wrote this passage, but one of Shostakovich’s comments to his friend Maria Sabinina after being forced to read a speech at this time seems to resonate: “And I got up on the tribune, and started to read out aloud this idiotic, disgusting nonsense concocted by some nobody. 129, one … DIED: August 9, 1975.Moscow. no. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Ibragimova is likewise solid in the later Violin Concerto No. When Shostakovich began composing his First Violin Concerto in 1947, he was enjoying a period of relative calm. Suspended in this liminal space, the soloist seems even more alone and isolated. Shostakovich at this time had become increasingly interested in baroque musical forms. Though not Jewish himself, Shostakovich noted that “My parents considered anti-Semitism a shameful superstition, and in that sense particularly I was given a very good upbringing.” Unfortunately, not all Soviets were so enlightened. About this Piece. 77: II. State Academic Symphony of Russia "Evgeny Svetlanov,", Violin Concerto No. Instead, Shostakovich places his cadenza between movements, making it seem untethered, as if we have passed into some netherworld that is neither here nor there. Required fields are marked *. 1. 1. Becoming increasingly paranoid, Stalin had begun an anti-Semitic campaign during WWII which intensified in 1948. Not long ago I reviewed a recording of the Shostakovich First Violin Concerto by Frank Peter Zimmermann in which he went back to the composer’s original manuscript – even to the extent that the recording carried the original opus number, Op 77. 2 in C sharp minor, Op. After a quieter variation for winds, the soloist enters with an expressive melody. Having defeated the enemy without, the Soviet government soon resumed its incessant witch hunts for enemies within. Concerto No. Don’t miss Shostakovich’s Violin Concerto No. Climaxing with the return of the klezmer theme in the violin’s highest register, the cadenza then accelerates into the finale. Dausgaard leads the orchestra in music by Denmark’s greatest musical hero, Carl Nielsen. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. –Calvin Dotsey. Shostakovich and Oistrakh. He kept his first violin concerto in a drawer for seven years until the time was right for its performance in 1955. Toast to 2021: Cocktails Inspired by A Big Band New Year. This site uses cookies. 1, the bigness seems to come from David Oistrakh’s violin itself. Listeners expecting another Oistrakh may be disappointed, and returning to a Russian orchestra does not seem to have produced a more melancholy aesthetic in Jurowski's music-making, but heard on its own terms, the album is a total success. 1 & Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District by Vladimir Spivakov, James Conlon & Cologne Gurzenich Orchestra on Apple Music. Shostakovich referred to his Violin Concerto No 1 in A minor, begun in 1947 in the aftermath of the second world war but not premiered until 1955, as a symphony for violin and orchestra. World War II had distracted Stalin’s government from show trials and purges, leaving artists slightly less harassed than usual. The work isn't singular in being joyless; much of late Shostakovich is like King Lear without the laughs or Siberia without the … Your donation helps the Houston Symphony enrich the lives of more than 400,000 Houstonians annually. !” This last phrase he shrieked out like a frenzied maniac, and then kept on repeating it. BORN: September 25, 1906.Saint Petersburg, Russia. A combination of depth, brilliance and humor, Patricia Kopatchinskaja brings a sense of theatrics to her performances of Shostakovich's Violin Concerto No. In the arts, literature was the first target after the war, but by 1948 it was music’s turn. The First Violin Concerto was composed (as Opus 77) in 1947–48, but political difficulties deferred the premiere. Shostakovich’s Second Violin Concerto is a late work, dating from the spring of 1967, when the composer was 60 years old. Concerto No. 1. Here Ibragimova is on solid ground, and her performance is a technical marvel. We have learned much about Shostakovich since his death in 1975, from reminiscences of friends, from letters and documents, from his now discredited autobiography Testimony, and from our deeper knowledge of life in the Soviet Union. 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James Conlon & Cologne Gurzenich Orchestra on Apple music and Exhibition Complex 'New Jerusalem ' Moscow...
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