These snakes are active in Connecticut in May through November. In some locations in the Black Hills and Bear Lodge Mountain it can be abundant in moist grass and understory habitats and along forest/ meadow ecotones. It can often be found under cover, such as logs, rocks and boards. DNR RESPONSE TO COVID-19: For details on adjustments to DNR services, visit this webpage. of these species—the water snake, brown snake, redbelly snake, eastern garter snake, ribbon snake, ringneck snake, smooth green snake, and milk snake— occur statewide. Green snakes rarely bite, and are harmless to humans. The smooth green snake does not have protected status in Minnesota. Timber rattlesnake. Preserving pastures and fields through agricultural easements also will benefit smooth greensnakes. Occasionally, this snake may inhabit sparsely forested areas with scattered … Some sites may have larger populations, while others have only a few individuals. Recently hatched individuals are bluish gray or dark olive-green. COVID-19: Connecticut residents are urged to continue taking precautions to prevent the spread of COVID-19. True to its name, it has smooth scales. The smooth greensnake is often confused with its similarly-colored close relative, the rough greensnake. The smooth green snake can be found basking in grasslands or beneath rotting logs. They will occupy forests if conditions are right. They hibernate over the late fall and winter, and may use linear riparian habitat features to migrate to and from denning sites and populations 6. How long the female waits to lay her eggs varies, however. Be a strong proponent of conserving greensnake habitats. Some light brown specimens have been found. Smooth Green Snakes hibernate in burrows, rock crevices, road embankments, and ant mounds. Population declines have occurred in areas where forested habitat has reoccupied open, grassy areas. Description: Bright green, solid dorsal color with a white or pale yellow belly. Habitat: Moist prairie remnants, savannas, bogs, marshes, wet meadows, old fields, and vacant lots. Smooth Greensnake Habitat Range The bright emerald green color of this snake makes it easy to identify. It is fast and streamlined to avoid predators, but if caught it will flail its tail to break free. Sometimes the eggs actually hatch before they are laid. Smooth green snakes are widespread throughout the northern states of the eastern and Midwestern US, with scattered populations in the western US and Texas. All snakes will retreat from humans if given a chance. Newborn is dark olive-green; slightly older juvenile is gray-green. The Smooth Green Snake is bright grass-green in color. They are known for their attractive characteristic solid green coloration. © This species is most often found in habitats with grass and other dense vegetation, in which its green coloration provides excellent camouflage, protecting this snake from predators. Others, like the eastern worm snake or eastern massasauga, are They flourish between areas with quantities of woodlands and lanky field. Get the facts at ct.gov/coronavirus. Life History: Smooth greensnakes reach sexual maturity at 11 to 12 inches, usually in their second year. When threatened, they may retreat into grass to hide. Be cautious of wildlife when mowing or using agricultural equipment, and consider letting some areas remain unmowed. Do NOT attempt to kill any smooth greensnakes under any circumstances as this is an illegal action. This snake is very slender. In northern and central Wisconsin, adults are sometimes a lighter, pale yellow color. Habitat and Diet: Smooth greensnakes favor moist, open habitats, such as old fields, meadows, pastures, fens, coastal grasslands, and edges of wetlands. They spend their winters hibernating in the ground, in ant mounds, or in rock crevices. Road mortality is another concern for this species, as well as predation by house cats. are more olive-green in color. Positive identifications of smooth greensnakes can be reported to deep.wildlife@ct.gov. Smooth green snakes eat mostly insects and spiders. When threatened, they may retreat into grass to hide. Smooth green snakes mate in the spring. Its habitat along the eastern border of Centennial Park and the old Penn-Central (Con-Rail) railroad right of … But, no matter what color the adults, the young are olive-green upon hatching. They are most often found on the ground or climbing in low bushes. Conservation is achieved through heathland management and translocations when necessary. They also bask on and hide beneath rocks, logs, and other debris. Frequently traveling with a twig going equipped to jump on their innocent victim. Rough Green Snakes generally grow from saturated domains like on the surfaces of streams, banks, or swamps. These snakes have ecological importance by controlling insect populations and, in turn, providing a food source for other animals, such as hawks, great blue herons, raccoons, and foxes. Preferred HabitatSmooth Green Snakes are found in grazed or ungrazed grassland, particularly the uplands of hills where grass is shorter. Overall, populations are mostly concentrated in New England, the southeastern Maritime Provinces of Canada, and northern portions of the Midwest. Populations can also fluctuate with prey (insect) availability and abundance. It prefers to be on the ground, in open areas without a lot of shrubs. In addition, populations are threatened by effects from insecticide spraying (contaminated prey). Its dorsal (back) coloration is solid green with unkeeled (smooth) scales, while the underside is yellow or off-white. This species is considered to be more arboreal than terrestrial. If you see or know of any suspicious or neglectful activity directed towards these snakes, you can report violators to the DEEP at the 24-hour, toll-free TIP hotline (800-842-HELP) or DEEP Dispatch at 860-424-3333. O. vernalis can be found in many different habitats, including marshes, meadows, the edges of streams, and open woods. The smooth green snake turns blue after it dies. They spend their winters hibernating in the ground, in ant mounds, or in rock crevices. In Connecticut, smooth greensnakes are found mostly in the eastern half of the state where suitable habitat exists. Rough and smooth green snakes are closely related, and while there are some differences between them, their care in captivity is essentially the same. If you encounter a smooth greensnake, observe it from a distance and allow it to go on its way. Habitat and range Smooth green snakes are found in open areas where grass and shrubs are found. No pictures available for: Maritime garter snake (a subspecies of 'common garter snake') Shorthead garter snake (University of Pittsburgh photo HERE) For more information, visit the Cortland Herpetology Connection. Greensnakes can be found basking on rocks, logs, or other debris. The anal plate is divided. Not only is this illegal, but this snake does not survive well in captivity. For information on the state’s response, visit the Minnesota COVID response webpage. Interesting Facts: Smooth greensnakes are nonvenomous and completely harmless to humans. They are docile and will usually flee if threatened. While they spend most of their time on the ground, they will hide in … Description: Small and delicate, this snake ranges from 12 to 25 inches in length. 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